How to Plane CORRECTLY

How to Plane CORRECTLY

In this video, I explain the best techniques to employ when using a plane in order to get a smooth surface, a controlled cut, and above all a more enjoyable experience!

This is an addition to my ‘Woodworking Basics’ series where I also covered the topics of sawing and chiselling.

๐Ÿ‘‰How to saw CORRECTLY

๐Ÿ‘‰How to use a Chisel CORRECTLY

๐Ÿ‘‰How to get a STUPIDLY SHARP edge on a PLANE blade


๐Ÿ‘‰How to reduce TEAROUT when using a HAND PLANE

๐Ÿ‘‰Making a 6 String Bass Guitar

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My name is Matt Estlea and Iโ€™m a Woodworker from Basingstoke, England. My aim is to make your woodworking less s***.

I come from 5 years of TRAINING at Rycotewood Furniture Centre in Oxford, 5 years of experience WORKING at Axminster Tools and Machinery in Basingstoke, and 3 years TEACHING both day classes and evening classes at Rycotewood Furniture Centre. All while trying to get this YouTube thing off the ground.

By September 2021, I packed it all in to focus on YouTube and my business full-time.

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  1. Rok Podlogar on August 17, 2022 at 11:06 pm

    i’ve watched your plane playlist and i must say it’s witty, instructional and not at all "blimey" to watch.

  2. Christoff Snyman on August 17, 2022 at 11:06 pm

    I notice you are comfortable with the tools and not wearing gloves. I am often in a hurry (bit of OCD) and skip gloves myself but an amateur I get the odd nick or worse. Do you not wear gloves because you are more "connected" with you work piece?

  3. joseph ullman on August 17, 2022 at 11:07 pm

    Some of the best stuff Iโ€™ve seen for a rookie like me

  4. Eric Rickert on August 17, 2022 at 11:07 pm

    We all need these basic explanations. We can not really learn these things at times unless someone points them out. Maybe we get it the first time by ourselves, but usually, we need some instruction. Thanks again for another valuable lesson!

  5. Ranjan Ranja on August 17, 2022 at 11:08 pm


  6. Bob Segar on August 17, 2022 at 11:10 pm

    and before ya know it you’re making veneers xD LOL

  7. Will Maskell-Taylor on August 17, 2022 at 11:12 pm

    @9:15 that was me before watching this lol

  8. PandaKnight52 on August 17, 2022 at 11:12 pm

    How do you correctly store a hand plane? Assuming there is periods of time when you can’t use it should you cover it in oil, store it in an air tight container?

  9. Classy Days on August 17, 2022 at 11:14 pm

    Actually, I used my very first plane chips to make a veneer box. They were so thick I could just layer them on top of each other with a little glue.

  10. Camskea on August 17, 2022 at 11:14 pm

    Great video mate, thanks.
    Just bought my first hand plane today and this has me excited to get straight into it tomorrow !!!!!

  11. Sektrif on August 17, 2022 at 11:14 pm

    plane and simple, How2Plane. "Looks to the sky"

  12. taufan abdullah on August 17, 2022 at 11:17 pm

    I am a lover of wood art … I created a lot of processed wood in my country … but now because of budget constraints I can no longer be creative with tools that are expensive for me living in Indonesia.

  13. robohippy on August 17, 2022 at 11:19 pm

    Several comments….. One, the edges of a planed board, or one coming out of a drum sander are like little razor saws and will really slice and dice you. I speak from experience, and true on lathe pieces as well.

    Another, a quote I used for years before hearing a guest on Roy Underhill/New Yankee Woodshop show, who was demonstrating correct hammer procedures, it came from an old Hollywood movie about Cyrano De Bergerac. He disarms a student with no effort and then says, "Hold the sword as you would a bird. Too tight and you kill it, too loose and it flies away." Same with any tools…. Wood lathe or hand planes….

    If you have some carnuba wax handy, like Kiwi neutral shoe polish, it is far harder than candle wax/paraffin, and will stay on a lot longer. It may cause problems if you are gluing up panels later though, or applying some finishes.

  14. Nick Charby on August 17, 2022 at 11:21 pm

    Thanks for that very instructing video Matt, It was the first planing video that i watch and I like how you do things and describe. I have couple questions:
    I’m planning to buy my first plane, any recommendations?
    Are you using a plane or jack plane? (not sure if there’s a difference between)
    Thats not a smoothing plane right? I’m a bit confuse.
    Thanks a lot mate!

  15. Andy Hastings on August 17, 2022 at 11:21 pm

    I see you shop used to be a motor car repair shop. Access trench

  16. Shado Man on August 17, 2022 at 11:22 pm

    Sounds like a good tip. I will have to try moving my whole body pushing with back leg as you suggest. I tend to be hopeless at planing (Plane is sharp & setup right) as I always seem to bias off to the right, ending up with a completely un-square edge. (right handed)

  17. James Hixon on August 17, 2022 at 11:23 pm

    Dumb questionโ€ฆ. But what boots are those!?

  18. Don Goddard on August 17, 2022 at 11:24 pm

    Great info! I’ve watched a ton of plane vids and was still having some issues. This settled most of them Thanks!

  19. roevskagg on August 17, 2022 at 11:24 pm

    For years after you made this video I finally have got a tip for you! ๐Ÿ˜€

    The mountaineering metaphor I’ve used with my students, age ~14.
    For the blade protrusion, I used the metaphor of using different gears on a bicycle, and they instantly understood it. Or so far it seems like they did. =)
    Sharing it because I like it. ๐Ÿ™‚

  20. T P on August 17, 2022 at 11:25 pm

    Candle wax tip was dope, never thought of that

  21. J Baker on August 17, 2022 at 11:25 pm

    John Snow knows nothin’ about hand plaining

  22. Scott Roy on August 17, 2022 at 11:31 pm

    Would the wax not come off on your project and affect staining?

  23. Steven Larsen on August 17, 2022 at 11:33 pm

    So how many blades do you recommended for each plane? Having two angles is enough?

  24. Ricky Dennis on August 17, 2022 at 11:34 pm

    Awesome presentation Mat, I really enjoy your videos. I have been working with wood for over 50 years. Some of the points you taught in this video, I wish I had watched 49 years ago. Lol. Seriously though, great work Mat. I love to see a man enjoying his work as much as you clearly do. Keep up the good work eh. All the very best, Ricky .

  25. John Colgan on August 17, 2022 at 11:35 pm

    Listen to the sound of the cut too, you can hear when a clean shaving

  26. James Mossett III on August 17, 2022 at 11:37 pm

    If you were buying a new Chop saw, what brand would you buy?

  27. IRONWILL989 on August 17, 2022 at 11:41 pm

    you are a genius!

  28. Peter Hague on August 17, 2022 at 11:43 pm

    Thank you so much for this. Its so nice to find someone who talks who discusses the basics, but in a completely unpatronising way, and without talking about "hacks" or "cheats"
    So clear and helpful

  29. Cravens Boughner on August 17, 2022 at 11:45 pm

    I’m really sure you can build it yourself. I did this 2 weeks ago thanks to the Stodoys plans.

  30. El Paisa Paisa on August 17, 2022 at 11:45 pm

    You the best, thank s.

  31. HB on August 17, 2022 at 11:46 pm

    Planing walnut just to show us plebs on Youtube something… my wallet is screaming.

  32. Paul Ruud on August 17, 2022 at 11:47 pm

    I’ve thought that skewing the blade also changes the way the blade cuts the wood fibers. I got this from my experience using chisels. Slicing the wood fibers with a chisel is often cleaner (and easier) than pushing the chisel straight through. Surely that is another reason (besides the effective blade angle) that skewing a plane gives a cleaner cut?

  33. fmagalhaes1521 on August 17, 2022 at 11:48 pm

    Thanks mate. i just subscribed. i am trying to learn woodworking so I can build a whaaram catamaran. ๐Ÿ˜ƒ๐Ÿ˜ƒ

  34. PadreSuhran on August 17, 2022 at 11:49 pm

    Greetings from France, you’re just a new follower ;). Thanks for sharing your knowledge !

  35. Oooo ooogzi on August 17, 2022 at 11:50 pm

    What advice do you have to make a wooden mask? Iโ€™m tempted on making one

  36. louie modling on August 17, 2022 at 11:50 pm

    Perfectly explained, anyone should understand, Well done Sir!

  37. De Cuevas on August 17, 2022 at 11:51 pm

    The Gordon Ramsey of wood working. Lots of respect! david

  38. Kyran Pennell on August 17, 2022 at 11:51 pm

    Skewing the plane. Sin and cos. Whoโ€™d thought grade 8 math (I canโ€™t remember which year tbh) wood come back to haunch me.

  39. Dixie_rekd on August 17, 2022 at 11:53 pm

    one other thing you shouldn’t be wearing skinny jeans whilst planing wood.
    there are several reasons for this.
    however its worth keeping in mind that these reasons are not all encompassing and have subtle differences for different people,
    the three main reasons why you shouldnt be wearing skinny jeans whilst planing are as follows;-

    1 you look like a pillock
    2 you have skinny jeans on and your penis is showing.
    3 youre gender and/or sexuality are possibly questionable.

  40. Charles Huse on August 17, 2022 at 11:55 pm

    Another woodworking channel features a Japanese carpenter. He rubs a red wax or grease pencil onto a flat block, one that could be used as a sanding block. He then rubs that block across the piece he is working on. The material from the pencil transfers to the workpiece and highlights the high spots to be removed. Looks like he does this technique for both plaining and chiseling.

  41. CoolTrainer Xi on August 17, 2022 at 11:55 pm

    Thank you so much Gordan Ramsey of woodworking!

  42. RabidScallion on August 17, 2022 at 11:55 pm

    Love your Hand Plane series but I fundamentally do not understand how you can get a perfectly flat board (versus edge) when the front shoe is at the same level as the back shoe. Electric planers make more sense for this function. So how in the hell can you get a true flat surface if the blade protrudes lower than the shoe? I’ve not seen any videos yet from the other channel that address this.

  43. Ionut Onea on August 17, 2022 at 11:59 pm

    A Big THANK YOU isn’t enough !! GOD bless you ! amazing ! so nice and clear explanations !!!

  44. Shawn Vogel on August 18, 2022 at 12:01 am

    Very handy information!

  45. Jed Intalan on August 18, 2022 at 12:02 am

    Didn’t know that the kid from Stranger Things is doing woodworking now. Thanks for this video!

  46. woo Zhi on August 18, 2022 at 12:03 am

    Pitching the planer is like drawfiling your are really shearing it

  47. Matt Estlea on August 18, 2022 at 12:04 am


    I forgot to take the frog angle into consideration when talking about effective pitch at 14:08. The shaving will actually be travelling up a 45 degree slope when the plane is travelling straight.

    Again, watch this video on reducing tearout if this means absolutely nothing to you:

    Let me know if you found this video useful!

  48. elorz007 on August 18, 2022 at 12:04 am

    Man, the sound of that plane is just glorious. Mine doesn’t sound like that at all haha

  49. Andrew Parry on August 18, 2022 at 12:04 am

    Perhaps I’m a bit paranoid, but I do try to minimise wax touching any surface that may need to be glued or coated. People overlook just how hard it can be to get rid of. Sanding it can push it into the wood and when it touches the paper it spreads around. I’m not saying don’t do it. Maybe I will. But I think I’d look at polishing/buffing it first. I’ve heard some horror stories regarding people overlooking such things.

  50. Timothy Mallon on August 18, 2022 at 12:06 am

    Always very helpful! Thank you!!