What Are The Parts of a Hand Plane – Handplanes 101

What Are The Parts of a Hand Plane – Handplanes 101

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When getting started with hand planes the terms can be very confusing. what are all the parts of a hand plane and how do you take apart one. what is a frog? We will look at the parts in a Baley Pattern hand plane, as well as a low angle and block plane. we will look at the frog, lever cap, chip breaker, iron, lateral adjuster, depth adjuster, mouth adjustment, tote and knob in all of these hand planes. This does not cover all the planes int eh world but it will cover 99% of them and give you a basic knowledge needed to work on most all hand planes.

Low angle Vs Bevel down: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X65OLedIbyk
How to set up a smoothing plane: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vG-DULSw6Zk
How to make a scrub plane: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3ZVhadFoq8E
Stanley plane numbers: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2iXhRBtTr60

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  1. Richard Wright on April 19, 2022 at 6:20 pm

    That was a lot of info in just 14:20. I have a question. On a Stanley style plane, should we put a drop of oil to between the frog and iron. I see you easily adjust the depth with one finger. Mine requires two fingers. Could my lever cap be too tight? Thanks for all your inspiration

  2. Thomas Russell on April 19, 2022 at 6:20 pm

    Aircraft parts really lift my spirits.😁

  3. Gawn Draves on April 19, 2022 at 6:21 pm

    Super helpful. Thanks!

  4. Bruce Brachman on April 19, 2022 at 6:23 pm

    One thing that confuses me is how to do the adjustments on different styles of planes. On a Bailey style, there is no need to loosen the lever cap to adjust the blade. Just turn the screw in either direction to advance and retract the iron. I am wondering about the Norris style. Do you release the tension on it to adjust the blade in and out? How about the block plane? Do you release the lever cap or tension screw to make an adjustment and then tighten it up. Different woodworkers say different things. Would love to know what you do.

  5. TheKamiBunny on April 19, 2022 at 6:24 pm

    The puns though, so plane.

  6. Brian Prusa on April 19, 2022 at 6:25 pm

    This video was quite plane.

  7. Amir Muslim on April 19, 2022 at 6:26 pm

    Awesome vid. I found an old block plane with a broken depth adjustment. This helped me understand just how I can tinker with it. Thanks man.

  8. Graham Larson on April 19, 2022 at 6:29 pm

    Great stuff James. Still learning and loving it. Thanks.

  9. Make Brooklyn on April 19, 2022 at 6:30 pm

    Lot’s of great information in there!! Most of it is just plane useful πŸ˜‰

  10. Fred McIntyre on April 19, 2022 at 6:33 pm

    Thanks for the info James! πŸ‘πŸ‘Š

  11. CHOCO on April 19, 2022 at 6:38 pm

    Tqsm πŸ€ŸπŸ’–

  12. OrionsAnvil on April 19, 2022 at 6:39 pm

    Great video. I just picked up a beat up rusty no 6 and was trying to figure what parts it needed, pretty much all of them.

  13. Ross Hollinger on April 19, 2022 at 6:39 pm

    Thanks, James. I have a 60-1/2, 103, 71-1/2, No. 4, No. 1205 (scrub only), No. 5, No. 606, USS New Jersey (AKA No. 608), 12" draw knife, and a 151 spoke shave. I always learn something by watching back-to-basics videos. You mentioned the lateral adjustment lever and not removing it. My 608 needs the lever replaced (badly pitted and cracked) and I would live to see a video from you on replacing one. I have a mint replacement with pin, but have been reticent to dive in (I think peening the pin is where I start weeping like a little boy who’s lost his mommy in the supermarket). Oh, and you forgot the aileron.

  14. Bruce Brachman on April 19, 2022 at 6:40 pm

    Aircraft Parts? That is just plane silly.

  15. CAJ in Texas on April 19, 2022 at 6:40 pm

    This is so helpful. Most videos focus on setting up a plane and using it effectively. This one finally just explains what all the components of the plane do. Thanks.

  16. ben on April 19, 2022 at 6:40 pm

    Just bought my first vintage plane and I probably shouldn’t have bought a handyman but it was cheap and not that bad of condition, so its gonna be my first resto and help me with my first joinery project!

    Thanks a million to the likes of you and Rex!

  17. Brandon Engel on April 19, 2022 at 6:40 pm

    What do you do for a number 4 that even when the depth adjustment knob is set as deep as it can be and yet it doesn’t make a shaving and the blade doesn’t even feel like it’s sticking out of the bottom?

  18. Carbonite Gamorrean on April 19, 2022 at 6:41 pm

    I thought I was here for my pilots licence . . . . smh,,,, πŸ˜‰

  19. Eric Osterhout on April 19, 2022 at 6:41 pm

    what do you use to get that cool blue color on your planes and parts? Is it just paint?

  20. John LeJeune on April 19, 2022 at 6:42 pm

    Hi James, Thanks for the explanation. Found out at the Lie-Nielsen Open House last weekend that they call the surface the frog sits on the "lilly pad." Love that!

  21. dallas on April 19, 2022 at 6:42 pm

    Really needed this video.

  22. Miles Kushin on April 19, 2022 at 6:43 pm

    I don’t know how it’s possible that this video only has 3k views. Thanks for all the awesome content sir!

  23. Eric K on April 19, 2022 at 6:44 pm

    Thank you so much, I just came into 30+ planers and like 20 extra blades and I’m going to take out mine then refurbish the rest. I had a feeling it was going to be you or rex when I typed in the search.

  24. Dave Anthony on April 19, 2022 at 6:49 pm

    hey homie thanks for the video, love it.
    The lever cap broke on my grandfathers old hand planer and i was wondering how specific I had to get when purchasing a new part or if it would work to have something else in there.
    the one I have is super simple, not even a frog in it, just a blade, lever cap and a screw that pushes the lever cap onto the blad and holds it in place. I’m hoping its a universal part as I just ordered one on ebay.
    Lemme know if i just threw 10 bucks in the trash? Thanks man!

  25. Richard Brown on April 19, 2022 at 6:49 pm

    Thank you very much I got a plane I am restoring and have to make a part for it to replace what is broken and seeing what the piece does is now helpful to replacing it with a fashioned figured wood instead of cast iron.

  26. metal art on April 19, 2022 at 6:50 pm

    THANKS for the info.πŸ‘

  27. rossejong on April 19, 2022 at 6:50 pm


  28. Hayseed Homestead on April 19, 2022 at 6:50 pm

    Its planey not as confusing as I first thought.

    Good stuff James! I almost have a working set of Type 11s (1910-18) #3-#7 minus the #5 right now. Will snag a 2 & 8 sometime.

  29. John Shipman on April 19, 2022 at 6:56 pm

    A nice basic video. πŸ™‚ I won’t be lacking sleep much long. Thanks James.

  30. Not You on April 19, 2022 at 6:56 pm

    watched the entire thing to find out what the heck a chip breaker actually does and i still don’t know

  31. NhΓ’n Channel on April 19, 2022 at 6:57 pm

    hello there. i have just bought a Stanley hand plane no. 5 few days ago. and i found that there is no yoke assembling with my plane as you have on 3:45. i dont know why and i cannot plane anything. is it a big problem?

  32. Rug Cutter on April 19, 2022 at 6:57 pm

    The yoke has a pin you can knock out, it’s not a rivet. Unless mines been bodged. Good explanation though πŸ™‚

  33. rjtumble on April 19, 2022 at 7:02 pm

    Very helpful, thanks. I have a couple of old Stanleys that need to be restored, so i’ll be watching this video a few more times as I go through that.

  34. Jesse Andre Photography on April 19, 2022 at 7:02 pm

    Fun note: I recently started restoring my grandfathers Sargent 408. I lost a frog screw and after three store checks and two phone calls to fastener distributors in an attempt to find a replacement locally, had to settle for ordering from McMaster-Carr and waiting. One of the reasons for this difficulty is the screw is a somewhat oddball size, but most importantly I didn’t know my terminology for fasteners and the people I was talking to just pretended to know what I was talking about and failed at helping me. It was one of the distributors in another part of my state that took the effort to explain how to properly talk about this screw or ask for it. It is a #12-24 x 3/4" Fillister Head Slotted. I ordered both zinc and stainless, 1" and 3/4" to see which I like better or to prevent any more issues. I may have to shorten the 1" ones and I’ll burn off the zinc and re-treat the steel to match the look of the plane when I’m done if I go that route. Anyway, I just thought I’d share. Great channel! Thanks!

  35. Patrick in Ottawa on April 19, 2022 at 7:05 pm

    Kept waiting for you to speak of the empennage or explain why there’s no trim tabs on the depth adjuster, or why when I push the plane, it keeps wanting to go right…. Maybe I need trimmers on my tote…… Nice plane and simple video James !

  36. Michelle R. Acker on April 19, 2022 at 7:11 pm

    what an awesome video, some great editing!

  37. Bob Jones on April 19, 2022 at 7:12 pm

    Bought my first plane off of eBay. #5 Bailey plane with corrugated bottom. Seems to be in good condition, but the yoke won’t touch the adjustment knob. How do I get it back in place? I am new to woodworking and just trying to figure out if I got a back plane or not.